Alcoholism has an abundance of truly unpleasant consequences, from which there is no escaping with all desire. Most people are well aware of them – but, alas, this does not help, people continue to drink various alcoholic beverages, putting themselves at risk, which is absolutely meaningless. So it got to the point that alcoholism is the third leading cause of death in the country. Yes, and most serious diseases – heart, liver, and so on – occur precisely because of its cause. But alcoholism continues to march around the planet, endangering millions of people.
And there are a huge number of problems that arise with it. One of the risk factors is the so-called withdrawal syndrome. What is it and what to do about it? Let’s try to figure it out in a slightly more detailed way.
What it is?
Under this complex and incomprehensible term is a person’s condition after long-term drinking. It usually occurs in the second or third stage of alcoholism. It is not universal, because it proceeds differently depending on the individual characteristics of a person. This condition is very difficult – it is accompanied by various kinds of disorders, in particular, somatic, autonomic, neurological and mental. It is important to understand that this term may sound different. The fact is that in English literature it means sobriety, abstinence, and these are completely different things. Therefore, you can also meet it under the name “withdrawal syndrome.”
When does it start
When a person proceeds to the second stage of chronic alcoholism, it is usually quite easy to determine by the fact that drinking alcohol no longer causes the discomfort that was before. If a person feels this, then he begins symptoms of withdrawal symptoms. This means that alcoholism has become part of his life, which is beginning to interfere with him. But only a person, no matter how he realizes what is happening to him, cannot refuse all this. And the thing is that there are already so many toxins in the body that just quitting drinking does not work out – and therefore the addict is pushed to take another dose of alcohol.
Common with a hangover
Many people confuse this syndrome with a hangover. Indeed, they have certain common features, but there are many differences. For example, the syndrome lasts 2-3 weeks, but a hangover – for several hours. As for the common features, there are many of them:
- disorders of the autonomic nervous system;
- increased craving for alcohol;
- physical and mental pronounced discomfort;
But still, this syndrome has nothing to do with the usual hangover. There are signs that are individual only for him – and this is not only the duration mentioned above. This, among other things:
- anxiety in movements;
- exceptional depression;
- angry, evil attitude towards the people who surround the patient;
- pronounced internal tension.
These symptoms manifest themselves very vividly, very characteristic, it is difficult not to notice them. And you can’t write them off for the usual hangover, which will pass as soon as a person has a good night’s sleep. No, here the effect is much more long-term. Whenever you meet a person, you can always say that he suffers from alcoholism, no matter how he tries to pretend that everything is in order with him.
This means that this symptom has come into its own and now a person will rightfully, without the slightest discount, be considered a real alcoholic. It is not necessary that he will be aware of this. Perhaps he will not even believe when they will point out to him the problems he has. But, alas, this does not change the essence of the matter – a person has serious problems with which it is urgent to do something.
There are several stages of this syndrome, they all have a different severity.
- At the easiest stage, a person feels extremely broken. His eyes constantly run back and forth, he can not concentrate on something. There are no other particularly negative signs. What is good at this stage is that the treatment so far can still be quite successful.
- This is followed by a moderate stage. Now the patient develops insomnia, he can not maintain eye contact with anyone for a long time. He is not particularly hungry. His pulse rate increases, as does his respiratory rate. You can still cure him at this stage, but it will be already comparatively harder.
- What follows is a pronounced syndrome. All previous symptoms, including sleep problems, stray eyes and lack of appetite, are fully preserved. But hallucinations are added to them.
- The severe stage – as the name implies – is the most negative. Now, shortness of breath, increased sweating, and tachycardia are added to the previously present symptoms. Appetite and sleep disappear entirely. Convulsions begin, hallucinations intensify. If earlier the patient could somehow be cured at home, now there are no other options left but to send him to the hospital.
Methods of struggle
The main thing in the fight against withdrawal symptoms is the fight against the urge to drink. No matter how much one wants to do this, one should not give in to this pernicious temptation. Otherwise, everything will start again, everything will develop even more.
The main direction of treatment is medication. It is necessary to consult with your doctor, who will offer various drugs, or droppers, which will help to cope with various related problems – insomnia, headache, aggressiveness, irritation, tachycardia and many others. Do not experiment with drugs, you need to see a doctor. He will suggest what is optimal at this stage with specific symptoms and problems of a given patient. If nothing helps, if the withdrawal syndrome in alcoholism is very developed, it is necessary to send the patient to a hospital for treatment. This is more expensive, but the efficiency is higher. Traditional medicine, alas, is unlikely to help effectively in the relatively late stages of this disease – so it’s best not to bring yourself to a state where it will be necessary to resort to treatment.