The human body has a very complicated structure: some organs are directly involved in life, while others produce special substances that regulate the activity of the former. These substances are called hormones, they are produced by the organs of the endocrine system – glands.
The glands functioning in accordance with the norm usually do not manifest themselves in any way. Their activity is invisible until any problems begin. Failure of the glands can occur for various reasons, including as a result of exposure to external factors. Quite common is the situation when alcohol consumption is such a factor.
Ethanol has an effect on the whole body, including the organs of the endocrine system. Under the influence of alcohol, the glands can “fail”: become inflamed, function intensely or depressed. Such changes necessarily affect the health and well-being of a person. Consider how alcohol acts on the glands, and whether it is possible to recover after the action of alcohol.
Thyroid effect of alcohol
Despite its small size, the thyroid gland plays a huge role in the functioning of the body. It is located on the front of the neck and really resembles a shield in shape, which earned its name. This gland produces the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Thyroid hormones take part in metabolic processes, affect the functioning of the immune system, and, not surprisingly, the functioning of the genitals.
After regular use of alcohol, the thyroid gland “breaks down”. This can be manifested either in the suppression of its hormonal activity, or, conversely, in increased secretion of hormones. Both the one and the other cases negatively affect human health. In men, sexual function is suppressed, in women, the menstrual cycle is disrupted and the chances of successful bearing a pregnancy are greatly reduced. In addition, disorders of the thyroid gland affect the autonomic nervous system, causing symptoms such as tremor of the extremities, sweating, dry mouth, intestinal disorders, tachycardia. The thyroid gland also affects the emotional sphere: with violations in its work, irritability, tearfulness, lethargy are manifested.
There is another not very pleasant consequence: if the thyroid gland began to produce more hormones as a result of alcohol, the production of alcohol dehydrogenase will be slower, since thyroid hormones suppress this process. This means that the toxic effect of alcohol on the body will be stronger.
Alcohol and pancreas
The pancreas is the most affected by alcohol. This gland plays a huge role in the digestion and metabolism. Pancreatic juice enriched with enzymes for the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates enters the duodenum from the pancreas. In addition to external secretion, the pancreas has a function of internal secretion: it produces insulin and glucagon. These hormones regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism.
Alcohol has a very noticeable effect on the activity of the pancreas. After repeated cases of drinking, half of people have a disease such as pancreatitis. The mechanism of pancreatitis after alcohol abuse is as follows: ethanol provokes a spasm of the duodenum, and pancreatic juice cannot get there. He remains in the pancreas and literally begins to “digest” it.
In addition to pancreatitis, alcohol can cause other disorders in the pancreas. Alcohol can disrupt the process of hormone production (slow down or speed it up). In particular, a violation of insulin production creates serious prerequisites for the development of diabetes.
In order not to bring health to a critical state, the pancreas needs to be taken care of. The good news is that with proper treatment and diet, it is possible to fully restore the functions of this organ, even if the alcohol damage was significant. There are special preparations for arranging the pancreas’s work, but besides them, special diet is needed: the exclusion of alcohol, fatty, fried foods, meals in small portions at least 5 times a day.
The effect of alcohol on the adrenal glands
The adrenal glands also relate to the organs of the endocrine system. Adrenal hormones are involved in many metabolic processes, but their effect most affects the sexual function of men and women. After disruption of the adrenal glands due to alcohol abuse, women often face the problem of bearing offspring.
Another dangerous consequence of the effect of alcohol on the adrenal glands is an increased risk of developing chronic alcoholism. Studies have shown that after the adrenal glands are “hit” by ethanol, their work is disrupted so much that it can lead to the formation of chronic dependence.
Alcohol and neuroendocrine regulation
The destructive effect of alcohol affects the hypothalamic-pituitary complex. It is this neuroendocrine system that controls the work of all the glands in the body. After alcohol abuse, her work is disrupted, and this can lead to a variety of consequences. Most often, reproductive function suffers, so it is very difficult to endure and give birth to healthy offspring.
Thus, absolutely all organs of the endocrine system experience the negative effects of alcohol. The work of some of them can be brought back to normal quite easily, while others require more thorough treatment. Despite the fact that by themselves, disorders of the functions of the glands almost do not manifest themselves, violations in their work affect the functioning of the whole organism. To avoid negative consequences, it is best to take good care of your health and refrain from excessive alcohol consumption.