Humanity has so many problems that it’s scary to think. But if some come and go, then others continue to torment people, exposing their lives to absolutely unnecessary danger, destroying their lives. And if you make a rating of this kind of problems, then alcohol will definitely be among the top three. Almost every third person on the planet dies for a reason that is somehow or other related precisely to the consumption of alcohol. Although the problem is so seriously widespread, unfortunately, it is not possible to deal with it as effectively as we would like.
Because many people do not just drink sometimes. They develop chronic alcoholism. What is it and how to deal with it effectively? Let’s try to figure it out in a slightly more detailed way. If it is still not possible to defeat this problem, then at least it is worth knowing about it as much as possible – at least to be motivated by hook or by crook to avoid its immediate destructive impact. However, let’s go in order.
What it is?
By its definition, this is a fairly simple disease – it is a pathological addiction to various kinds of alcoholic / alcoholic drinks. Also, the definition includes various disorders of a psychopathic nature that arose precisely because of the use of these drinks. This is one of the types of substance abuse that gradually develops both physical and mental dependence on everything that contains alcohol. The relationship is interesting – the greater the welfare of society, the more alcoholics can be identified in it. Given the fact that over the past century it has improved on average, the number of people who suffer from this problem and do not know what to do with it in principle has increased. Each year, this disaster takes millions of lives, even more are simply destroyed. Because chronic alcoholism is not just one of the common diseases, but a real enemy of modern society, leaving visible scars on its face, figuratively speaking.
Stages of chronic alcoholism
The problem does not develop in one stage, it is divided into various stages, each of which is more intimidating than the previous one. If the early person can still somehow influence what is happening, simply by resorting to a significant effort of will, then the situation becomes more and more problematic.
In the later stages, it’s not worth even hoping to get out of the problem without outside help. If the help of specialists does not follow, then a person simply will not be able to cope with the disaster and may die. We briefly describe the stages of chronic alcoholism, and then move on to a more detailed description.
So, the stages of all traditionally taken to distinguish three:
- The first begins a pathological attraction to alcohol, their accidental use from time to time becomes systematic.
- On the second, withdrawal symptoms begin to appear, which manifests itself in those moments when alcohol consumption ceases or is limited. That is, stopping drinking is not as easy as we would like.
- The third stage is the most difficult. It already begins the defeat of internal organs, which, if you do not respond in time, is irreversible. A very sharp decrease in alcohol endurance is manifested. Specialists need help, otherwise a sad outcome cannot be avoided.
We now consider the stages in more detail. At the first stage, a person becomes more and more severe his intoxication, it can even be accompanied by amnesia. Now resistance to alcohol appears, now it’s no longer possible to get drunk in relatively small portions. They need more and more, gradually the person ceases to be satisfied with the usual portions of alcohol. His working capacity decreases, his mood begins to jump quite sharply. He gets tired and quickly gets annoyed. But so far, withdrawal symptoms have not manifested, and a person can still stop drinking when he wants, if only he shows sufficient willpower.
In the second stage, withdrawal appears in all its glory, and alcohol dependence becomes especially strong. Now the binges begin to last for many days – because there is no longer any kind of aversion to alcohol. All the problems of the first stage begin to worsen, for example, fatigue increases even more, and working capacity at all becomes minimal. A person can experience quite pronounced tantrums, he thinks worse, keeps himself worse and worse, breaking down on virtually every occasion.
Now resistance to alcohol is greatly reduced, alcohol is very poorly tolerated. The patient seems to be already happy to stop drinking, but after a while, when he does, he only starts a new binge. A hangover is now associated with very severe intoxication. There are many disorders of various kinds. Kidneys and liver begin to collapse actively. There is a development of chronic gastritis. If everything is started, then psychoses can begin in rather acute forms – and even epileptic seizures.
We highlight several symptoms that are inherent in chronic alcoholism at most stages:
- psychological “sympathy” for alcohol. An alcoholic speaks more and more about alcohol, constantly bringing the subject of conversation to him. If someone speaks out about the use of such drinks quite negatively, then he begins to actively defend them;
- drinking alone. If a person drinks in the company – this, of course, is also a problem. But when he begins to drink alone, closing himself off from others, then everything becomes more serious;
- loss of gag reflex. Usually when a person drinks too much, a gag reflex is manifested. But he disappears in an alcoholic. This is because the protective properties of the body are gradually being destroyed – and it no longer resists the effects of toxins as actively as before. And this, in turn, means that chronic alcoholism is quite confidently formed;
- loss of control over the amount drunk. A person drinks more and more – and the same effect that before, sometimes simply can not achieve. And this becomes a serious problem for him. As a result, he only continues to increase the dose of alcohol consumed;
- degree increase. Here the logic is approximately the same as in the previous paragraph. Resistance to alcoholic beverages is growing, and therefore you will not be satisfied with a weak drink.
Chronic alcoholism is the cause of a whole range of problems, ranging from the damaging effects on the kidneys and liver, to the destructive effect on the cardiovascular system. And this is not counting the purely social effect that separates the alcoholic from people who do not drink alcohol in such impressive quantities. A separate article is not enough to list all the problems that arise in people who actively drink alcohol.
Chronic alcoholism treatment
If a person is faced with chronic alcohol dependence, he needs to be given surgical treatment. It consists of several stages. At first, the use of alcohol is gradually reduced to naught. A negative attitude towards their use is being formed. After this, combined treatment begins, which simultaneously combines the use of drugs and psychotherapy. The effects of intoxication are eliminated. As far as possible in the current situation, internal organs are put in order. Social rehabilitation measures are also being taken.
In most cases, a person manages to help. But here it is also important to remember that his participation and desire to recover is necessary, otherwise even complex treatment will not give the desired results. Therefore, people who have developed chronic alcoholism must remember that for the most part their health and future are in their hands – and therefore they should take all necessary measures and try to avoid chronic alcoholism.