Alcohol, taken in large quantities, significantly affects the human psyche, changing its nature. Many in a state of intoxication become unlike themselves. They are characterized by increased irritability, irritability and sudden attacks of aggression. Such people cannot control their behavior and become dangerous to others. It is for this reason that everyone needs to know how to calm a drunk and prevent the occurrence of undesirable consequences.
The main causes of aggression drinkers
The composition of any alcoholic beverage includes a substance hazardous to the body – ethyl alcohol. It follows the digestive system to the initial sections of the small intestine. Having reached them, the compound is absorbed into the bloodstream through the capillaries of the villi covering the mucous membranes. Further, ethanol is rapidly distributed throughout the body and enters each structure. The brain, the main organ of the central nervous system, is no exception.
The central nervous system does not always withstand the load associated with alcohol abuse. Because of this, alcohol aggression can develop. It does not appear immediately. Initially, other signs, such as:
- mood swings;
- short temper;
All of the symptoms listed indicate that the nervous system cannot function normally. The fact is that when intoxicated, the psyche is often shaken, and this leads to excessive irritability.
The more alcohol a person drinks, the more obvious the signs of the disorder become. Sometimes their intensity reaches a peak, and a drunk becomes completely insane. It is extremely difficult to reassure him, as he does not always make contact. Most often, people in this state lose control of the situation, experience unreasonable attacks of rage, can make sweeping sweeping movements of their hands, scream loudly and pounce on others.
To explain this behavior, you need to turn to psychology. The human nervous system can be not only in a calm state, but also in the other two – excitation and inhibition. In the first case, all processes are accelerated, and a person becomes quick-tempered and very sharply reacts to what is happening. When the central nervous system is inhibited, the opposite situation is observed. Most often, this condition is accompanied by lethargy, fatigue, apathy, sometimes reaching deep depression.
It is known that alcohol brings the central nervous system into a state of excitement. While it is light, a person has a good mood and a surge of strength, but if too much alcohol is drunk, the situation changes. Vigor is replaced by irritability and nervousness. In addition, with alcohol intoxication, sudden mood swings are not uncommon. The drinker can laugh for several minutes, and then suddenly feel sad, cry, shut up.
The human psyche may not withstand such overloads. This explains why even a calm person becomes aggressive. This happens when drinking too much alcohol. Its central nervous system undergoes excitation, which turns into inhibition after the oxidation of ethyl alcohol to acetaldehyde.
Some people drink so much alcohol that they have memory lapses. The next day, they may not remember what happened the day before. This is due to the death in the brain of the neurons that form the gray matter, as well as the destruction of the connections between them.
How to behave
Many people who see an aggressive person get lost and do not know what to do next. This reaction is not surprising, since the symptoms of a drinker may develop suddenly. That is why it is better to carefully monitor your loved ones and friends during the feast.
According to experts, it is better to prevent an attack of aggression. Given that its main causes are previously shaken psyche and excessive alcohol consumption, the strictest control over the volume of alcohol consumed is the best preventive measure. If it was not possible to prevent the problem, then it is necessary to take all measures to ensure safety, as a person becomes insane and dangerous.
When a drinker shows aggression towards others, it is important to behave correctly. It is extremely difficult to calm him down, sometimes it is impossible to do it on your own, so there is nothing wrong with contacting specialized services.
If you see unusual behavior after alcohol, you can call an ambulance. Doctors will help if a person has a confused consciousness, he is worried about hallucinations, he has completely lost his adequacy. If the drunk rushes at others, threatens or carries another danger, it is better to immediately contact the police.
According to psychologists, behave with a drunken aggressive person should be extremely careful. It’s best not to take any action before the doctors or the police arrive, since talking to him is not always possible. In order not to expose yourself and others to risk, you need to isolate a violent person, trying not to harm either yourself or him. As a rule, services promptly respond to such calls, so specialists will not have to wait long.
Best legal techniques
Arguing about what to do in case of contact with an insane drunk person, it should be borne in mind that there is always a risk of violating the law by mistake or ignorance and be held responsible.
There are absolutely safe methods that will help to bring the alcoholic to life even for a short while. It is they that need to be used if it is necessary to maintain a normal situation before the arrival of doctors or police:
- Talking to the drunk. It is unlikely that the alcoholic who has lost his temper will engage in a constructive dialogue, but you can try to find out what he needs and promise to satisfy all his needs in exchange for fulfilling his counter-requests. Usually this tactic works in women when trying to calm a drunken husband. In this situation, there is a clear advantage of kinship. Spouses know each other very well, which allows them to make contact even while intoxicated.
- Switching attention. It is important to consider the general mood of the alcoholic. If aggression and rage are just beginning to emerge, it may be possible to deal with them on their own. So, in a number of situations, the tactic of switching the attention of a drunk person helps. It is allowed to appeal to feelings of guilt or shame. However, you need to keep your phone close at hand so that you can call specialists at any time.
- Cold water. With light intoxication, sometimes it’s enough to wash yourself to restore clarity of mind. If a person shows aggression, this will not help. However, you do not need to debit the funds. You can pour a person ice water. It is important that the action is unexpected, otherwise the desired effect will not be. While the drunk is recovering, others will have extra time to ensure their own safety.
- Ammonia. It is believed that a few drops of this substance will quickly sober up a person and help pacify him. The difficulty lies only in how to give a person a drink.
- Repeated dose of alcohol. This is a legal but extremely dangerous way. If a person shows uncontrolled aggression, then you can offer him alcohol in the hope that he will be distracted and turn his attention to drinking. Unfortunately, it is impossible to predict how his body will react to an increase in ethanol concentration, therefore it is better to abandon this venture.
Caution! None of the methods gives a 100% guarantee. Perhaps the drunk will only get more angry and completely stop controlling himself. In this case, you can’t delay. The only right decision is to call the police or ambulance.
Prohibited methods to calm violent
A person who is faced with an insane alcoholic may panic due to an unexpected problem. Many often try on their own to pacify violent, but methods can be not just dangerous, but prohibited at the legislative level. In other words, a person can be held responsible for his good intentions to protect others.
This is especially true for the stronger sex. Often, men have the idea to calm the rebel with the help of physical strength. In no case should this be done, since the consequences can be unpredictable. A man can strike too hard, leading to serious injury or even death to the alcoholic. In this case, you will have to defend your innocence already in court, and it can be quite difficult to prove that there was exclusively self-defense.
Calculating your strength is especially difficult when it comes to calming a drunk woman. In judicial practice, there are frequent cases when an absolutely sober husband in attempts to pacify a drunken wife inflicted severe injuries or injuries on her, which are not always compatible with life. It is for this reason that it is best to initially attempt to correct the behavior of an aggressive person without physical strength. If you can’t communicate with a drunk, it is better to call the police or doctors.
What can not be done
As a rule, the list of basic tips for dealing with drunk people comes down to trying to pacify them without an open physical impact. Sometimes you can find other recommendations, however, it is worth analyzing what you have read and heard before implementing it.
So, one can often find advice to give a violent person sedative pills or tinctures. You cannot follow this recommendation, since it is impossible to determine how the body of a particular person will react to taking sedatives. Especially dangerous are all drugs of synthetic origin. They inhibit the nervous system so much that when combined with alcohol, they can lead to undesirable consequences, even death.
Important! Relatively safe are vegetable-based sedatives, including tinctures of motherwort or valerian, or decoctions of these herbs. However, with strong uncontrolled aggression, they will not help. They can be taken with a hangover, when a person is worried about nervousness and irritability.
You must not use prohibited methods, in particular, to use physical force. This can have serious consequences. It is hardly worth putting your own life at risk, trying to pacify a drunk.
Counter aggression, an active dispute, and upholding one’s own position will also be a mistake. It is much safer to agree with an insane person, to make concessions to him, to promise to fulfill all his requirements. This will save some time.
Advice of narcologists and psychiatrists
Addiction to alcohol is a serious problem that must be dealt with immediately after discovery. As a rule, in the early stages, addiction can be managed without complicated drug encodings, which have many side effects and contraindications. The advantage of the timely treatment of alcoholism lies in the fact that a person is much better at controlling his own behavior and does not pose a threat to others.
If, after drinking, a person becomes too aggressive and violent, then at this stage it is better to entrust the treatment of addiction to professionals. Narcologists are convinced that they should not independently correct the situation with such people in order to avoid even bigger problems. It is best to immediately go to the clinic, where the patient will bring to life with safe methods. If a drunk threatens others, then it is most appropriate to immediately call the police.
The opinion of psychiatrists about the further treatment of people with sudden attacks of aggression is also interesting. If the situation is single, and in all other periods a person behaves normally, it is only important to control the amount of alcohol he drinks. Only when seizures are repeated over and over again does it make sense to show the patient a psychiatrist for a full examination. In this case, you may need hospitalization in a specialized clinic.
True aggression rarely occurs after drinking alcohol, much more often people just become overly excitable and nervous, but this can be quite successfully fought. If a drunk creates a dangerous situation for others, measures must be taken immediately. It is best not to go into open conflict with him, not to show offensive aggression, not to use physical force. It is enough to protect yourself and others by contacting the doctors or, if necessary, the police.