An unstoppable craving for alcohol caused the destruction of many families and the fall on the social bottom of even strong personalities. One of the most popular ways to deal with this habit in the arsenal of narcologists can be called a shot from alcoholism. The introduction of special drugs causes severe reactions in the patient, up to a state close to death. The procedure is recognized as one of the most effective. However, before taking someone close to a specialist, you should find out what injections are, how they work and whether complications are possible.
The essence of the method
Coding for alcohol dependence through injections involves intramuscular or intravenous administration of drugs that react even with a minimal dose of alcohol.
To code a patient with injections without his consent is prohibited at the legislative level.
Before the injection, the narcologist is obliged to inform the alcoholic about the peculiarities of the action of the drug and the consequences that will arise when even a minimal portion of alcohol is consumed.
Such a conversation will help to cope with alcoholism at a psychological level. A dependent person must be aware of his illness and give voluntary consent to coding, documenting this.
The procedure is preceded by a mandatory preparatory stage, during which the alcoholic should not drink any strong drinks. Usually it lasts 3 days, but in especially severe cases, the period increases to a week. To increase the effectiveness of the procedure, the patient is recommended to visit a psychotherapist.
How to code for alcoholism:
- first, a conversation is held with the addict, re-informing about all the subtleties and characteristics of behavior;
- signing of documents confirming the consent of the patient;
- injection of medication;
- testing the reaction to alcohol: the patient is given a few grams of alcohol-containing liquid to drink, after which symptoms of intoxication appear.
At the preliminary consultation, the narcologist will tell you what the drug is called, what sensations will arise during the procedure and what to expect after it. In some cases, before the main injection, a hot injection into the vein is made with a drug containing magnesia and vitamins to reduce the symptoms of a hangover.
Mechanism of action
Various means are used for coding for alcoholism, most often these are preparations with disulfiram.
Medicines begin to work only when ethanol enters the body, accumulating the product of its decay. Immediately after this, the patient has signs of poisoning:
- severe nausea;
- the urge to vomit;
- stool disorders;
- headaches and muscle aches;
- heart rhythm disturbance;
- a sharp increase in pressure.
Such reactions manifest themselves in different ways in people who have violated the ban, and depend on the state of health, the amount and strength of alcohol.
The active substance is gradually removed from the patient’s body. During this time, the alcoholic gets used to living without alcohol.
How much an injection works depends on the concentration of the active substance in the injection. Usually coding is done for a year. The drug remains in the body of the alcoholic for up to 3 months, then its gradual elimination begins.
In addition to the annual injection, there are injections with a longer action. Some clinics guarantee encoding for up to 5 years.
Drug coding is permissible to carry out no more than 3 times in a lifetime.
Types and benefits of injections
In narcological clinics, patients are offered several encoding methods. They differ in the drugs used and the point of its administration. The place where to give the injection, and the concentration of the drug are chosen by the narcologist after examining the patient.
In the USSR, a drug from Germany, “Torpedo,” was used. Since then, the range of alcohol blockers has expanded, but most people continue to call all injections against alcoholism torpedoes.
Coding in this way is permissible only if the alcoholic is in good health. Reviews of intravenous injections are mixed. Along with high efficiency, these injections have a strong effect on the brain of an alcoholic. In people with an unstable mind, such injections can cause inappropriate behavior and psychosis.
- vegetovascular dystonia;
- sudden bouts of fear of death;
- sharp rush of blood to the head, fever.
One of the drugs is injected into the vein of an alcoholic:
- Chemical protection;
Immediately after the injection, the patient has a desire to sleep. The signs of intoxication after alcohol are very acute, in some cases encoded death is possible. The duration of such injections is up to 3 years, during which it is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol.
Intramuscular and subcutaneous injections
Injections into the muscle are the safest, some of them can be done even at home, like a normal vaccination. Complications and adverse reactions after them are extremely rare.
For injections, the following medicines are used:
Subcutaneous injections or “binder” are administered under the scapula using gel preparations. Over the course of several days, the product is encapsulated and gradually absorbed into the patient’s blood. At this time, an increase in body temperature is possible. The procedure is accompanied by very uncomfortable sensations, therefore, local anesthesia is required.
Another type of injection is called an injection into the liver, although the organ itself does not suffer. An alcoholic is given a drug that prevents the production of an enzyme that destroys ethanol. The method is used infrequently due to the risk of liver problems.
There are several ways to code an alcoholic. Is there any difference where the injection was made – a rhetorical question. Narcologists determine where to enter an alcohol blocker, based on the patient’s state of health and the desired duration of sobriety. The price is affected by the drugs used and the coding period, but in general, the service is available to everyone. How much an injection costs also depends on the concentration of the drug and the prestige of the clinic.
Contraindications and consequences
The introduction of drugs changes the body. Before encoding an alcoholic, you need to familiarize yourself with the contraindications:
- any infectious diseases with high fever;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- disorders of the heart and blood vessels;
- diseases of the nervous system;
If you ignore the prohibitions, complications are possible, up to acute psychosis, seizures of epilepsy and death of an alcoholic.
Coded people are forbidden to drink not only alcohol, but also drinks such as kefir and kvass.
How effective is the method?
An injection from alcoholism begins to work immediately after a dose of the drug is administered. The patient experiences severe pain when consuming ethanol, which prevents the habit from returning while the medicine is in effect.
According to the opinions of narcologists and close alcoholics, a positive result is achieved only if the patient himself wants to stop drinking. If coding occurs under pressure from family members, in most cases the dependence does not disappear. In some cases, alcoholics begin to drink much more than before.
To increase efficiency, it is recommended to combine injections with psychotherapeutic sessions.
There are times when an alcoholic continues to drink after injections. The reason for this may be:
- the introduction of a poor-quality drug or simply “dummy”;
- a neglected case of alcoholism, when prolonged alcoholism caused pathological changes in the psyche and physiology of the patient.
In such cases, only hospitalization in a specialized institution will help, where professionals will deal with the complex treatment of the addicted.
No injections give a guarantee of victory over alcoholism. However, the introduction of drugs allows the addict to feel the benefits of life without alcohol and restore the body. Injection creates an environment conducive to stop drinking. Whether an alcoholic takes this opportunity depends on his desire and willpower.