When you expect a baby, this is not only a great joy, but also an incredible responsibility. The first few years, the baby, in principle, can not take care of himself in any way, let alone those cases when he has not yet been born. Then it is absolutely necessary to take as much care as possible to make him feel good. First of all, one should not allow him to encounter any exposure to harmful substances. Therefore, the latter simply should not enter your body.
And it’s not at all so difficult, it would seem that it makes it difficult to abandon bad habits for at least a few months? But no, future mothers for some reason prefer to sacrifice the health of their future children, although there is nothing complicated in a little abstinence. But the harm, for example, from the same smoking is not a joke, it can seriously harm your baby in a rather serious way. Consider the problem in a slightly more detailed way. So, what is the effect of nicotine on the fetus during pregnancy?
Someone may think that nicotine does not affect the fetus so much that it is nothing more than speculation. But this is not so. It affects him no less than alcohol. After all, all those thousands of harmful components of tobacco smoke eventually end up in the mother’s body, getting from there to the baby. As a result, there are many problems that can develop with great probability. Here are some of them:
- changes in the weight and size of the newborn;
- “embedded” pathologies and abnormalities in his organs;
- stillbirth and sudden infant death;
- premature birth;
- spontaneous abortion;
- problems with the development of the child;
- exfoliation of the placenta;
- aggravation of pregnancy.
And this is just a small part of the problems that may in principle arise. But nicotine also changes the hormonal balance in the body of a woman. It is already very badly damaged during pregnancy, but now its balance is so shifted that serious problems with the development of the fetal organs can occur.
One of the biggest problems that can occur from this type of smoking is oxygen problems. The fact is that between the mother and the child there is a kind of barrier called the placenta. Through her vessels, the baby receives oxygen and various nutrients that help him develop. But from nicotine, this interaction can be seriously impaired. First of all, the problem here is the narrowing of blood vessels, which occurs even when only one cigarette is smoked.
One cigarette lowers utero-placental circulation by approximately thirty minutes. This in turn can lead to fetal hypoxia, that is, its oxygen starvation. A number of problems can develop from this, but first of all, it is important that the transportation of various amino acids to the organs of the fetus is disrupted. From this, intrauterine development is slowed down, and therefore the child can be born underdeveloped, with unnecessarily low weight. Statistics show that the average underweight in children of smoking mothers is about one fifth of a kilogram.
It is very scary that from the consumption of nicotine various malformations and pathologies in children can develop. The point here is the nicotine features. Being a poison of a nerve-paralytic nature, it has an effect on the nervous system of the fetus, well, various changes in development occur from this. Including various changes in the anatomical nature. Various mental disorders are also common, sometimes quite strong. But physiological can be found no less often. Here are just a few characteristic pathologies that are most common with the active intake of nicotine in the mother’s body:
- cleft palate;
- cleft lip;
- defects of the lung and heart.
And this list can be continued for a very long time, because the number of such defects is extremely large. A lot depends on the period of the active development of which particular organ, nicotine entered the body in the greatest quantity.
If mental disorders have begun, then they can also be noticed even in the early stages of the baby’s life by nervous behavior, poor sleep and constant crying – and also other moments that a healthy child would not have had in such numbers. But this will not change and when it grows, deviations will also be present.
This is probably the most terrible consequence that can happen – sudden death at the age of a month to a year. This happens, of course, very rarely, but when the mother smoked while the pregnancy was going on, the chances that this terrible event would happen would increase by about two and a half times. Even half a pack a day increases the likelihood of this problem by 21% – well, and if, as many do, smoking even more, then the problem will increase in scale, and very much more.
We examined the effect of nicotine on the fetus when pregnancy occurs. If you decide to become a mother, then this requires tremendous willpower from you. If earlier you were only responsible for yourself, now the situation is radically changing – and you have become responsible for another living creature that needs your support more than anything else. Even after birth, the baby will need you to help him as much as possible. What can I say, when he is still in the womb, while the pregnancy is proceeding? There, he completely depends on what approach to his own health you choose. If you can not even for the period of gestation refrain from what could be detrimental to your future child, then why bother rushing to have children? In the future, the level of your responsibility will only grow, and, it turns out, it may be that you can’t cope with it.
Take a strong-willed effort and think about the part of you that is developing inside. After some time, it will be your beloved child. And not only will it suffer if he has any problems in rejection. You will suffer from this, first of all, mentally. It is unlikely that it will please you if your baby, the fruit of your love, grows with any deviations, or something happens to him at all. So keep yourself in control and be extremely careful when it comes to the baby’s health. And then the pregnancy will be successful.